Wittgenstein’s Whewell’s Court Lectures

The Wittgenstein’s Whewell’s Court Lectures project deals with an edition of hitherto unpublished notes of lectures Ludwig Wittgenstein held in Cambridge. The notes were taken by Yorick Smythies, a student and very close friend of Wittgenstein’s.

Smythies’ notes cover the period from 1938 to 1947. Most of them were taken from Easter Term 1938 to Lent Term 1941. No other notes from that period are known to exist except theLectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief, the Lectures on Freedom of the Will, and the Lectures on the Foundations of Mathematics. All these publications draw from notes by Smythies.

Extensive research has brought out the high quality of Smythies’ unpublished notes. The projected publication of this material is certain to open new discussions on Wittgenstein’s treatment of central philosophical questions. The value of Smythies’ notes is reinforced by the fact that Wittgenstein discusses various subjects in his lectures in a more systematic and focused way than in his own written work. This series of lectures display a continuity which is not found in his published writings. Wittgenstein uses numerous examples in his lectures that we find in identical or similar form in his published works, but often in different contexts. Especially the use of examples show connections and interrelations between themes of Wittgenstein’s philosophy that are not obvious at first sight. References to theNachlass and to Wittgenstein’s published writings will help the reader to see the similarties and the differences. The Whewell’s Court Lectures will be a helpful complement to Wittgenstein’s published works.

The material exists in various stages, beginning with the original notes which Smythies took during the lectures. They are written in a kind of shorthand, often difficult to read, which he had developed in order to get closer to what Wittgenstein was saying in the lectures. On the basis of these notes, Smythies produced handwritten fair copies, which he read out and taped. Finally, a secretary prepared a collection of typescripts using the tapes, 21 in total, which Smythies had dictated. The final aim of this research project is to publish the complete notes Smythies took at Wittgenstein’s lectures and to make Smythies’ tape recordings available in an audio format.

Project director: Dipl.-Volksw. Dr. Volker A. Munz, M.A.

Project assistant: lic. phil. Bernhard Ritter

Open Access to Wittgenstein Nachlass

Trinity College Cambridge in co-operation with the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen is producing a new Nachlass facsimile of Wittgenstein originals which will be made freely available online.

A new facsimile edition of the entire Nachlass, using cutting edge technology, is in the process of being completed, and it is anticipated that the first images will be available by the end of September 2014. Importantly, the Nachlass will be made available on an open-access basis. The project has been planned for some considerable time, and is made possible through a partnership between Trinity College Cambridge, the University of Bergen and the Stanhill Foundation.
Jonathan Smith, Archivist and Modern MSS Cataloguer at the Wren Library at Trinity College, said: ‘The Wittgenstein archives contain some of the most important philosophical material produced in the 20th century. Providing a new version of the works by utilizing the most up to date technology is very exciting, and a great additional resource for Wittgenstein scholars all over the world.’ He added: ‘We have a long standing working relationship with the Wittgenstein Archives in Bergen, and this cooperation is simply a reflection of our trust and admiration for their expertise and our shared commitment to Wittgenstein.’

Alois Pichler

Professor Alois Pichler, the head of the Wittgenstein Archive said:

‘The University of Bergen has continued to support the Bergen Electronic Edition, but we have always known that a new edition that takes full advantage of new technology would have to be created. That the new facsimile will be free for all who wish to access it is an amazing gift to Wittgenstein scholarship.’

Ilyas Khan, Chairman and Founder of the Stanhill Foundation, commented: ‘The Foundation has a long-standing tradition of supporting research and scholarship into the work of Wittgenstein. It’s been such a privilege being part of this project from inception, and to now see it come alive is utterly amazing. A whole new generation of Wittgenstein scholars will have free, total and unmediated access to the Nachlass as a whole, which is exactly how it should be. I am greatly indebted to Trinity College Cambridge for being the essential enabler here. It is a noble act of great generosity that should not be underestimated.’
The Stanhill Foundation supports the BWS, and we are extremely grateful for its further support in enabling a project that so invaluably extends to the whole community of Wittgenstein students and scholars.

Read the full press release.

WAB 5000

WAB 5000 is a corpus of 5000 manually transcribed pages composed of various manuscripts and typescripts from Wittgensteins Nachlass.

The parts of the Wittgenstein Nachlass include selections from:

  • the Notes on Logic complex: TS 201a1, TS 201a2 (1913-14);
  • the Lecture on Ethics complex: MS 139a, TS 207 (1929);
  • the Big Typescript complex: MS 114, MS 115 (first part), MS 153a, MS 153b, MS 154, MS 155, MS 156a, MS 148, MS 149, MS 150, TS 212, TS 213 (1931-34);
  • the Brown Book complex: MS 115 (second part), MS 140 (p. 39v), MS 141, MS 152, TS 310 (1934-36).
Type Corpus in XML (TEI-P5) and HTML output (different versions) formats, XSLT stylesheets, Web interface
Size More than 2 million words
Languages German and English
Rightholders
  • The Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge
  • Bertrand Russell Archives, Ontario (Ts-201a1, Ts-201a2)
  • Oxford University Press, Oxford
  • University of Bergen, Bergen
  • Uni Research, Bergen
Access & reuse policy Creative Commons General Public License Attribution, Non-Commercial, Share-Alike version 3.0 (CC-BY-NC-SA)
Location The Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen
Ms-114 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-115 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-139a Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-140,39v Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-141 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-148 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-149 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-150 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-152 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-153a Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-153b Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-154 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-155 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ms-156a Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ts-201a1 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Typewritten-text-only presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ts-201a2 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Typewritten-text-only presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ts-207 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Typewritten-text-only presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ts-212 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Typewritten-text-only presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ts-213 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Typewritten-text-only presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML
Ts-310 Diplomatic presentation Normalized presentation Typewritten-text-only presentation Alternatives presentation Facsimile XML

HyperWittgenstein

What
Interactive site to filter and present WAB’s transcriptions of 5000 pages of the Wittgenstein Nachlass.

With this interactive site, users can filter and present WAB’s transcriptions of 5000 pages of the Wittgenstein Nachlass according to more specific research needs, and thus prepare Nachlass editions which may be more suited for their research than the editorial outputs pre-produced by WAB (such as the editions available from HyperWittgenstein, Wittgenstein Source or the Bergen Electronic Edition).

wab

This is still a draft version, and the range of options will be extended. For questions and comments write to Alois Pichler.

Corpus
Nachlass (WAB 5000)

Who
WAB

Where
http://wab.uib.no/transform/wab.php?modus=opsjoner

Digital Wittgenstein projects

Wittgenstein Source (includes the “Nachlass”)
Wittgenstein Source provides free access to Wittgenstein primary sources. This includes facsimiles and text editions of Wittgenstein’s philosophical manuscripts (his “Nachlass”).

Agora
In AGORA’s semantic linking experiment carried out by CNR-ILIESI and UIB-WAB a subset of the content (scholarly articles, monographs) will be linked to related data sets (editions of texts, manuscripts) most of which are already available in the Philosource Federation.

WiTTFind
This project is a cooperation between the Centrum für Informations- und Sprachverarbeitung (CIS) at the Ludwig Maximilians Universität München  and the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen (WAB). The task of the project is to develop a FinderApp containing several computational tools which make Wittgenstein’s Nachlass better researchable.

Wittgenstein Ontology
A first version of WAB’s Wittgenstein ontology, exemplifying some of its basic concepts and functions (e.g. interlinking of primary source class instances on the one hand and philosophical subject class instances on the other), was produced by WAB in cooperation with Christian Morbidoni (Philospace/SwickyNotes) and the consortium of the EU funded DISCOVERY project in the period 2006-09.

HyperWittgenstein
With this interactive site, users can filter and present WAB’s transcriptions of 5000 pages of the Wittgenstein Nachlass according to more specific research needs, and thus prepare Nachlass editions which may be more suited for their research than the editorial outputs pre-produced by WAB (such as the editions available from HyperWittgenstein, Wittgenstein Source or the Bergen Electronic Edition).

WAB 5000
WAB 5000 is a corpus of 5000 manually transcribed pages composed of various manuscripts and typescripts from Wittgensteins Nachlass in XML (TEI-P5) and HTML output (different versions) formats, XSLT stylesheets, Web interface.

PhiloSURFical
PhiloSURFical is a prototype application built to experiment some functionalities which are enabled by the growing Semantic Web: data are distributed, but can be coherently recollected by means of their semantic description. It’s like if the whole Web could be treated as a giant database: we can query it in interesting ways, so to dynamically reorganize it depending on the context we are looking from.